The Vastness Of Space Between The Planets In Our Solar System
Our solar system is big. There is a lot of empty space out there between the worlds. Voyager One the most remote man-made object has remained our solar system for more than 25 years and it still has actually not escaped the influence of our Sun. As of March 20, 2016, Voyager 1 was about 20,000,000,000 km from the Sun – more than three times the distance from the Sun to icy Pluto. Needless to say, our solar system doesn’t fit really well on a sheet of paper, or a website for that matter.
Researchers determined a while ago that writing out those huge numbers had not been the best use of their time so they invented the Astronomical System (AU). One AU is equal to 150,000,000 km and represents the average range from the Sun to the Earth. It would take an airliner more than Twenty Years to fly that distance and that’s just a one-way ticket. (That’s traveling at about 644 km per hour.)
The Solar System Football Game
In another effort to bring these huge distances down to Earth, we’ve shrunk the planetary system to the size of a football field. On a football field scale, the Sun is about as huge as a penny. Thinking about a typical penny is about 12 mm long, the fans are going to need telescopes to see the action.
The inner planets, Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars are about the size of grains of sand on a football field scale. They would be overshadowed by a common flea, which is about 3 mm in length.
The Distances Between The Planets In Our Solar System Video
Venus is next. It is 1.4 yards from the end zone. The true average distance from the Sun to Venus has to do with 108,000,000 km (67,000,000 miles) or 0.7 AU. Its size on this scale has to do with 0.15 mm.
On to Earth, sitting quite on the 2-yard line. It is a little bigger than Venus at about 0.16 mm. Simply as a lot of quarterbacks would be exceptionally happy to discover their group within two yards of a touchdown, Earth reaps many gains from this prime location in the solar system. We are at the perfect distance from the Sun for life to grow. Venus is too hot. Mars is too cold. Scientists sometimes call our region of the area the “Goldilocks Zone” because it appears to be just right for life. As noted previously, Earth’s typical distance to the Sun is about 150,000,000 km (93,000,000 miles) from the Sun. That’s 1 AU.
Mars is on the three-yard line of our fictional football field. The red planet is about 228,000,000 km (142,000,000 miles) on average from the Sun. That’s 1.5 AU. On this scale, Mars has to do with 0.08 mm.
Asteroids stroll far and wide in our planetary system. But many are contained within the primary asteroid belt between Jupiter and Mars. On our football field, you ‘d discover them spread like so numerous slow-moving linebackers in between the 4 and eight-yard lines. In real ranges that’s an average of roughly 300,000,000 to 600,000,000 km (186,000,000 to 372,000,000 miles) from the Sun, or 2 to 4 AU. On this fictional scale, these so-called “linebackers” are more like microscopic specks than the genuine hulking linebackers that play for the NFL. (If you could lump together all the countless recognized asteroids in our solar system, their overall mass would not even equal 10 percent of Earth’s moon.).
Jupiter continues to be quite near our end zone on the 10.5-yard line. Our solar system’s biggest world is a typical range of 778,000,000. km (484,000,000 miles) from the Sun. That’s 5.2 AU. Jupiter is the largest of the planets, extending nearly 1.75 mm in size on our football field scale. Jupiter’s size is about equal to the density of a U.S quarter in our shrunken planetary system.
Saturn is on the field at 19 backyards from the goal line. The ringed world is about 1,427,000,000 km (887,000,000 miles) from the Sun or 9.5 AU. Saturn’s size on this scale: 1.47 mm.
Uranus is about the point where our cosmic coach would hire an interplanetary field goal kicker. The gas giant is about 38 backyards from our goal. In real ranges, that’s approximately 2,871,000,000 km (1,784,000,000 miles) – 19 AU – from the Sun. That’s fairly a kick. It’s little marvel just one spacecraft has visited Uranus. At 0.62 mm on this scale, Uranus is just a little smaller sized than the letter “R” in the word “TRUST” on a cent.
Neptune is where things start to get way out. It is 60 yards from our solar objective line on the imaginary football field. That’s approximately 4,498,000,000 km (2,795,000000 miles) or 30 AU from the genuine Sun. Neptune, a little smaller sized than Uranus, is 0.6 mm on this scale.
Tiny Pluto, now categorized as a planetoid is much closer to the opposing group’s end line. It has to do with 79 backyards of the Sun or 5,906,000,000 km (3,670,000,000 miles) on average in real distances. That’s 39.5 AU.
So as you can see, our solar system is huge, extending hundreds of countless miles. Nevertheless, on the broader scale of things our sun is possibly one of 400 billion stars in our galaxy alone, which is one of perhaps 500 billion galaxies. Space is huge!